Disturbance ecology and ecosystem function
How do ecosystems respond to changes in disturbance regimes, such as fire suppression in naturally burning savannas, or more frequent burning in forests that only burned periodically? What fundamental processes govern the responses of ecosystems to these changes, such as the role of soil properties and plant community composition? These are some of the questions that our lab seeks to understand. We ground our work in experimental research, taking advantage of the diverse sets of fire manipulation experiments across the globe combined with the advances in ecosystem models.
The Pellegrini lab will be located in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge starting in March of 2020.
News: New paper published in Journal of Ecology on how fire affects carbon and nutrients throughout the soil profile, which revealed that losses of root biomass correspond with losses of soil carbon in deep layers previously undocumented https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2745.13351https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2745.13351
Global scope: Our work spans many ecosystems across the globe to try to ascertain generalities in how ecosystems respond to fire, but also using natural variability as a platform to test hypotheses around mechanisms.
African savannas: perhaps nowhere else in the world are ecosystems changing more rapidly than in African savannas. Rapidly changing animal populations due to poaching and fire occurrences due to human population expansion are modifying the landscape tremendously. We study a series of fire manipulation experiments in Kruger National Park to understand how changing fire regimes will affect ecosystems.
South American savannas: wetter than their African counterparts, savannas in the Neotropics receive extraordinary amounts of rainfall, yet still maintain an open and grassy ecosystem, largely due to low soil fertility and frequent burning. Fire activity is rapidly changing in Brazil, potentially threatening biodiversity and changing biogeochemical cycling. Here we also study fire experiments in the Brazilian Cerrado and have established a nutrient fertilization experiment.
Forests in the western United States: Much of the burned area in the United States occurs in western forests dominated by coniferous vegetation, which presents a stark but useful contrast to the response of tropical savannas. Here we work on fire manipulation experiments located in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park and different experimental forests outside of Flagstaff Arizona.
Pellegrini, AFA, Ahlström, A, Hobbie, S, Reich, P, Nieradzik, L, Staver, AC, Scharenbroch, B, Jumpponen, A, Anderegg, W, Randerson, J, Jackson, R. Fire frequency drives decadal changes in soil carbon and nitrogen and ecosystem productivity. Nature, 2018, 553: 194-198
Pellegrini, AFA, Anderegg, WRL, Paine, CE, Hoffmann, WA, Kartzinel, T, Rabin, SS, Sheil, D, Franco, AC, Pacala, SW. Convergence of bark investment according to fire and climate structures ecosystem vulnerability to future change. Ecology Letters, 2017, 20: 307-316
Pellegrini, AFA, Pringle, RMP, Govender, N, Hedin, LO. Woody plant biomass and carbon exchange depend on elephant-fire interactions across a productivity gradient in African savanna. Journal of Ecology, 105: 111-121
Contact me: Adam Pellegrini email@example.com